Founded in January 1990 in southwest Shenzhen, and linked with Hong Kong by Shenzhen Bay Bridge, Nanshan District covers a land area of 187.5 square kilometers and a sea area of 360 square kilometers, with a coastline of 40.6 kilometers. Under the jurisdiction of Nanshan District, there are eight sub-district offices, namely, Nantou, Nanshan, Xili, Shahe, Shekou, Zhaoshang, Yuehai and Taoyuan, and 101 community workstations that administrate and serve about 2.2 million population, including 932,000 registered population and 1.424 million resident population.
Reform and opening-up
In 1979, Shekou, Nanshan District firstly implemented the reform and opening-up policy, establishing Shekou Industrial Zone, the first industrial zone open to the outside world in China, and highlighting the themes of the era that "Empty talks would lead the country astray, and hard work can rejuvenate the nation" and "Time is money while efficiency equals to life". Thereafter, reform and opening-up has been the base of Nanshan. After the 18th CPC National Congress, General Secretary Xi Jinping firstly paid a visit to Nanshan, Shenzhen with investigations into Qianhai and Tencent. Over nearly 40 years since the reform and opening-up, Nanhai has been keeping in line with the national strategy and the trend of the times in developing the National High-tech Zone, Shenzhen-Hong Kong Modern Service Industry Cooperation Demonstration Zone, Qianhai Shekou Pilot Free Trade Zone and Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.
Rapid economic development
In 2017, Nanshan achieved the gross domestic product (GDP) of 460.15 billion yuan, with an increase of 9.1%, and the tax revenue of 132.5 billion yuan, with an increase of 30.3%, ranking first in districts (counties) of Guangdong. Nanshan cultivated more than 148 domestic and overseas listed enterprises, ranking second in all districts (counties) of China. In Nanshan, Shenzhen local Fortune Global 500 enterprises such as Tencent, Huawei, Ping'an and China Merchants Bank developed into global business; large-sized enterprises such as ZTE, CIMC and Mindray kept growing; young enterprises such as DJI Innovations, Hytera and UBTECH became rising stars. Today, many enterprises are optimistic to Nanshan’s future and snatch its market share in succession. Evergrande, a Fortune Global 500 enterprise, relocated its headquarters to Nanshan. Nine enterprises under the jurisdiction of Nanshan have progressed into China's top 500 enterprises. Nanshan had 59 of Top 500 Enterprises in Guangdong, ranking first in all districts (counties) of Guangdong.
Potential “Silicon Valley”
Active innovation and entrepreneurship made Nanshan become one of China's first batch of “mass entrepreneurship and innovation” demonstration bases. In 2016, Nanshan held the principal conference of China “Mass Entrepreneurship and Innovation” Week. In 2017, Nanshan applied for over 11,000 PCT international patents, accounting for about a quarter of China; twelve enterprises and institutions within Nanshan's jurisdiction won 10 national science and technology awards. Nanshan has 13 unicorn companies and nearly 3,000 national high-tech enterprises. Nobel Prize-winning scientists have established laboratories in Nanshan one after the other. Giant companies such as Apple and Qualcomm have built R&D institutions in Nanshan. The headquarters of ARM (China) and the only innovation center in Asia-Pacific region of Airbus have also settled in Nanshan in succession. Besides, 29 full-time academicians, 279 of the “Thousand Talents Program”, 2,019 of the “Peacock Plan” and 84 talents of provincial and municipal innovative teams are working in Nanshan. Nine universities including Shenzhen University and Southern University of Science and Technology are located in Nanshan, in addition to Peking University Shenzhen Undergraduate School, Tsinghua University Shenzhen Global Campus (TUSGC) and Georgia Tech Tianjin University Shenzhen Institute (GTSI) settled on the side of Xili Lake.
Ancient city on Maritime Silk Road
Nanshan, the fountain of Shenzhen and Hong Kong's development, is honored as “Root of Shenzhen and Hong Kong's History and Culture”. Nearly 1700 years ago, the Eastern Jin Dynasty set up Dongguan County, with the governor's office located in today's Nantou Ancient City and the jurisdiction covering today's Hong Kong, Shenzhen and Dongguan. Nanshan is an important post for ancient Maritime Silk Road. In the Ming Dynasty, Zheng He, who traveled for seven times to the west, once bid farewell to Goddess Matsu and sailed away at Chiwan of Nanshan. Nanshan is also of vital importance for the Belt and Road Initiative with its 5 national sea and land ports. Among them, Shenzhen Bay Port witnesses more than 100,000 exit-entry traveling passengers each day; Taizi Bay Cruise Home-port has continuously opened new international routes, becoming Shenzhen's “Maritime Door”; Shekou Port, Chiwan Port and Mawan Port have connected Nanshan to the world with over 150 liner routes basically covering countries and regions along the Belt and Road, and possess the container throughput of 13.36 million TEU, accounting for half of Shenzhen Port.
With the sea on three sides, Nanshan has Shenzhen Bay and Qianhai Bay. Shenzhen Talent Park and 6.6-kilometer-long west coastal leisure zone on the bank of Shenzhen Bay become the new “Reception Hall” of Nanshan. There are Da’nanshan and Xiao’nanshan Mountain, Dashahe River, Xili Lake, Neilingding Island and 130 parks in this district. Nanshan has strong international atmosphere since about 26,000 foreigners live here. Cultural creativity industry is well developed in Nanshan. Shenzhen Overseas Chinese Town Holding Company and Huaqiang Culture in Nanshan continue to be included in the top 30 cultural enterprises in China; theme parks such as Window of the World and Happy Valley are widely known; Boonie Bears, a cartoon full of northeast China elements, has won “Five-One Project” award for two times. Venues such as Shenzhen Bay Sports Center, Nanshan Cultural and Sports Center and Shenzhen Poly Theatre have become the preferred place for artists and stars from Chinese mainland, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan to perform in Shenzhen. Nanshan Museum, one of the largest museums in districts (counties) of China and the only district-level comprehensive one in Shenzhen, has been completed and now opens to people. Nanshan has been designated as the permanent venue for the final of cross-strait students’ baseball league and half marathon here becomes an annual culture and sports carnival.